The U.N. announced its goal of putting an end to AIDS by 2030 on Tuesday. It also emphasized the rolling out life-saving drugs of the U.N. for the last 15 years.
UNAIDS, the world’s agency in charge on AIDS, said that the goal of the U.N. Millennium Development to stop and reverse the spread of AIDS has been attained.
Much efforts are exerted by UNAIDS to put an end to this disease by 2030 by allowing every infected person access to prevention services, treatment and support.
In a report released at the Ethiopia financing conference on Tuesday, Ban Ki-moon, U.N. Secretary-General, said, “Ending the AIDS epidemic as a public health threat by 2030 is ambitious, but realistic, as the history of the past 15 years has shown.”
There are about 15 million patients receiving antiviral treatment for HIV/AIDS that has greatly increased from a little lower than 700,000 in 2000. The medicines keep the virus from growing and spreading that help patients to live longer and reducing the risks of transmitting HIV to other people. Patients in 2000 have to take eight pills a day on average, which cost them $10,000 per year. To date, the patient can buy the medicines for $100 per year.
Michel Sidibe, UNAIDS executive director, said that help extended to someone dying from AIDS is few during the first ten years of the disease. The patient can only hope he would not be thrown out by his family.
Breaking the “tight grip” of pharmaceutical industries on government policies and drug prices was the key to achieve change, the UNAIDS executive director added.
The law that permits developing countries to take over patient rights was crucial, as they are allowed to manufacture copies of the medicines and sell them at a lower price.
Deaths related to AIDs have gone down to over 40% since 2004 to 1.2 million per year. Since 2001, new HIV infections went down by 35%, and in 2014, have fallen to 2 million a year.
In 2001, HIV/AIDS investment increased from $5 billion in 2001to roughly $22 billion in 2015.
Reducing the onset of new infections to children by 58% between 2000 and 2014 was one of the most notable successes of the agency. This was achieved by assuring infected HIV women to take medicine, so they will not transmit the infection when they give birth.
Cuba was the first country in the world to eradicate mother-to-child HIV transmission last month.
UNAIDS added that they have met their goal of providing HIV treatment to 15 million people in March 2015, which was nine months ahead of their target schedule.